One of the more common injuries, especially in runners or footballers is the so-called the toe of a runner, also called turf. Although it is often considered a trivial disease, it should not be underestimated and it is worth contacting a doctor as soon as possible.
In the case of the runner’s toe, the first section of the metatarsophalangeal joint is damaged first of all. It is usually a consequence of excessive plantar flexion or dorsal part of the joint. The injury usually occurs when the foot is placed on the ground. More about the injuries of runners.
Runner’s knee: symptoms
Depending on the scale of damage, three degrees of change stand out. The first one is formed under the influence of excessive stretching and is characterized by concentrated pain in one place. Sometimes a slight swelling or a small hematoma appears. The movement in the pond is only slightly limited.
The second stage is a partial disruption of the ligament-capillary syndrome. Damaged joint is very sensitive to touch, pain usually covers the entire foot. Edema and hematoma may appear. The patient has a significantly limited range of movements, the leg also hurts at rest.
The third and at the same time the most serious degree of damage is characterized by a complete disruption of the ligament-capillary syndrome. Sometimes it is accompanied by a bone or cartilage fracture. The pain is very strong and “spreads” over the entire foot. Swelling and hematoma appear, the range of movement is limited enough that walking alone is not possible.
Diagnosis and treatment
The basis of the diagnosis is physical examination. Usually, a precise look of the foot allows you to make a diagnosis. If major changes are suspected, an imaging test (mainly X-ray) is required.
Further treatment according to the RICE rules, which is used for all types of injuries. They consist of rest, cooling, compression and proper arrangement – on a small elevation – of limbs. In some patients with very extensive trauma surgery is performed.
Depending on the degree of change, patients regain full efficiency after 4, maximum 8 weeks.